What is the likely shape of the library of the Future?
And how do we build collections for it?

Fiesole Collection Development Retreat Series

One for all and all for one: the opportunities and challenges bringing libraries and publishers together
May 2-5, 2023
Hybrid Event

Hotel Odelya
Missionsstrasse 21
4055 Basel, Switzerland

A collaboration between the University Library Basel, Casalini Libri and Charleston Hub, the 23rd edition of the Fiesole Collection Development Retreat Series will be held in person in Basel, Switzerland, from the afternoon of Tuesday May 2nd, 2023, ending the morning of Thursday May 4th.

Host 2023

As the oldest university in Switzerland, the University of Basel has a fascinating history of teaching and research going back over 550 years. The university opened with a mass held at Basel Minster on 4 April 1460. It has undergone dynamic development ever since its inception.

Conference Location

The conference will take place at the Odelya Conference Centre and Hotel, in inner-city Basel, near the Botanical Garden and the University.
Basel likes to call itself the cultural capital of Switzerland, and is proud of its rich history in book printing, paper making, publishing, humanism and libraries, which goes back to the 15th century. The old town offers an intact picture with narrow alleyways, hidden squares and eye-catching sights such as the Town Hall or the Cathedral. In the 21st century the main driver of the economy and research are life sciences and biomedicine, which give rise to large chemical and pharmaceutical industries.


Tuesday, May 2

 Odelya Conference Centre and Hotel

All times are in Central European Summer Time (CEST)


10:00 - 11:30
Tour of the Basel University Library
12:00 - 12:30
Light Lunch
Sponsored by Harrassowitz
12:30 - 13:00
Registration Open
13:00 - 13:05
Welcome and Introduction
  • Rebecca Lenzini
    The Charleston Company, USA
    Rebecca Lenzini is President of The Charleston Company, the long-time Publisher of The Charleston Advisor, now a part of Annual Reviews, who acquired the journal in June 2022. She also served as Editor in Chief of The Charleston Report which ended its publication in 2022 and is archived at the Charleston Hub. Rebecca is cosponsor/cofounder of the Fiesole Collection Development Retreat Series, in partnership with Michele Casalini and Katina Strauch. She began her career in libraries in the Serials Department of the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and was Vice President and Director of The Faxon Company's Academic Division. Following her tenure at Faxon, Rebecca served as President of CARL Corporation (Denver, CO) and was one of the founders of UnCover, the original article retrieval and document delivery service which was purchased by Ingenta. She is a former member of the Editorial Board of Serials, the official publication of the UKSG. Rebecca currently splits her time between Denver, Colorado and Taos, New Mexico.
    Michele Casalini
    Casalini Libri, Italy
    Michele Casalini is CEO of the family-run company Casalini Libri, which supplies bibliographical data, books and journals to libraries, and offers e-content through the Torrossa platform, thanks to its dedicated Digital Division. Following studies in Modern Languages and Literature at the University of Florence, and a period working with the publishing company La Nuova Italia, Michele specialised in the field of Information Technology and Management. He has been active member in standardization processes such as the definition of EDIFACT for the book sector and the translation of RDA into Italian. Member of several professional associations, Michele attends conferences, consultations and debates, liasing personally both with libraries and publishers. Among his recent interests is the digital transition and the current situation of HSS academic publishing, in particular the potential risks of marginalisation facing these subject areas, and analysis of collaborative measures that can contribute to preserving cultural heritage for the future. In May 2019 Michele accepted from the University of Florence an honorary degree celebrating his dedication and contribution to the field of Library and Information Science, the very first bestowal of the honour in question for merit in modern librarianship by an Italian university.
    Leah Hinds
    Charleston Hub, USA
    Leah Hinds was appointed Executive Director of the Charleston Hub in 2020. Prior to that, she was Executive Director of the Charleston Conference Conference from 2017 - 2020, and has served in various other roles with the Charleston Information Group, LLC, and Against the Grain since 2004. Prior to working for the conference, she was Assistant Director of Graduate Admissions for the College of Charleston for four years. Leah lives on a small farm near Columbia, South Carolina, with her husband and two kids.
13:05 - 13:15
Conference Opening
  • Alice Keller
    Director of University Library Basel, Switzerland

    Dr. Alice Keller has been Director of the University Library Basel since 2019 and previously held management positions at the Central Library Zurich, the Bodleian Library Oxford and the ETH Library Zurich. She was also chief editor for information and library science at the publishing house De Gruyter Munich/Berlin for four years. Her initial training was as a natural scientist ETHZ, but she quickly realised that she preferred dealing with books and people to microscopes and test tubes. She has published broadly on library management and e-resources issues.

    Fiesole Retreat Basel 2023
13:15 - 14:00
Opening Keynote
  • Liz Marchant
    Taylor and Francis, Global Portfolio Director, Life, Earth & Environmental Science Journals at Taylor & Francis Group, UK

    With a PhD in life science from the University of Nottingham, Liz Marchant joined Blackwell Publishing (now Wiley-Blackwell) in 2000, commissioning books and journals in life science. This was followed by time at Heinemann and Pearson leading 11-18 Science education publishing and eLearning products before returning to Journals publishing at Taylor & Francis where she leads the global journals program in Life, Earth &eamp; Environmental Sciences. She is an active member of the scholarly publishing community, sitting on the STM Standards & Technology Committee and as a member of the Program Committee of the Academic Publishing Europe (APE) conference.

    Onwards and upwards, enhancing access to knowledge through content innovation
14:00 - 17:30
Session One
Better Connected Than Lost
Scholarly communication is the connection and/or linking of authors, data, materials, languages, objects or libraries and publishers, etc., etc. This is of great interest and high importance to improve the efficiency of collaboration and to create networks for analysis or cooperation. We are used to talking primarily about the technology of connecting and/or networking. We better explain why we like to connect and link. Why do we act this way in the following areas? Better connected than lost in the flood of information is the topic of this session.
  • Convener

    Leah Hinds
    Charleston Hub, USA

    Leah Hinds was appointed Executive Director of the Charleston Hub in 2020. Prior to that, she was Executive Director of the Charleston Conference Conference from 2017 - 2020, and has served in various other roles with the Charleston Information Group, LLC, and Against the Grain since 2004. Prior to working for the conference, she was Assistant Director of Graduate Admissions for the College of Charleston for four years. Leah lives on a small farm near Columbia, South Carolina, with her husband and two kids.

  • Thomas Marty
    Director of SLSP AG (Swiss Library Service Platform), Switzerland

    Thomas Marty is Managing Director of the Swiss Library Service Platform (SLSP). Before taking over this position in 2020, he was already involved in the design and conception of SLSP as a member of the SLSP project management team between 2014 and 2018. Prior to that, he worked for ten years as a consultant for higher education institutions and academic libraries. He holds a PhD in Genetics from the University of Basel and an MBA from Vlerick Business School (BE).

    Linking languages - Multilingual approaches to library services

    With four national languages, Switzerland is the perfect test bed for multilingual approaches to library services. When the Swiss Library Service Platform (SLSP) was first conceived, it was clear that only a decidedly multilingual organisation would be able to provide library services throughout Switzerland. In order to realise this vision, a number of challenges had to be overcome: At the data level, a solution had to be found for subject indexing with different data standards. Secondly, all the platform's systems had to be adapted to the language preferences of librarians and library users in the different language regions. Finally, the organisation itself had to take into account regional and linguistic differences. My presentation will detail the challenges of such multilingual approaches and the solutions developed by SLSP.

  • Martin Reisacher
    University Library Basel, Switzerland

    Martin Reisacher works at the University Library of Basel at the interface of Open Science, IT and Historic Collections, and is responsible for the digital publication of their historic collections. Following studies of history, he started working in libraries at a mass digitization project at the Austrian National Library and as an archival coordinator at the German Digital Library.

    Moving from platforms to interoperable infrastructures? Lessons taught by IIIF when rebuilding the catalog of Basel Prints

    During centuries, prints from Basel were part of almost every scholar's library. The University Library collects and documents most of the output of Basel printing presses from the 15th to the 19th century. While efforts were made to bring this collection back together physically, there were no possibilities to showcase this important collection in a digital form. But in the last decade a paradigm shift took place, as formerly isolated platforms for digital objects became interoperable infrastructures, thanks to the International Image Interoperability Framework (IIIF). This talk will highlight the possibilities of this shift for virtually recreating collections and beyond but shall also focus on the gaps regarding interoperability when it comes to our key competency as libraries: metadata.

15:00 - 15:30 - Break
Sponsored by Access Innovations
  • Tiziana Possemato
    @Cult and Casalini Libri, Italy

    Tiziana Possemato holds a degree in Philosophy (La Sapienza Rome), diplomas in Archival Science and Library Sciences (Vatican Schools) and a Masters degree in Archivistics, Librarianship and Codicology (University of Florence). She is currently Doctoral researcher in Library Sciences at the University of Florence with the project entitled Another Brick in the Wall: building bridges of knowledge in the digital age. Tiziana has led numerous projects for library automation, analysis, mapping and conversion of catalogue data, and the design of information retrieval systems, with a specific interest in Linked Open Data and the Semantic Web. She is the Chief Information Officer of Casalini Libri, and partner and director of @Cult. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7184-4070

    Linking entities for connecting content - Facilities of LoD

    The Share Family initiative enables institutions to leverage the benefits of connected open data and extend data-driven services. Entity Cluster Knowledge Base (CKB) is the result of entity resolution/clustering processes with data from different participating libraries and with the enrichment of external sources. As a result of a collaborative effort, the CKB is designed as an authoritative source with links to other external sources. Data quality is the key ingredient to increasing proof and trust in data and to build services: JCricket is the Linked Data Entity editor developed by the Share-VDE community, a tool designed as an entity management system dedicated to curating data/entities living in the CKB, produced by automated processes. The JCricket entity editor opens up new forms of cooperation between institutions, designed to increase the quality and richness of data and to make the entity management process sustainable. But the Share Family is not only a community of libraries, but extends cooperation to third parties, to mutually benefit from ideas, efforts and tools: the ability to connect other cross-domain sources, such as Wikidata, will allow libraries to enrich their data by participating in the larger Wiki community.

  • Julien Roche
    University Librarian and Director of the Libraries, University Lille, France; LIBER President

    Julien Roche served as Director of the libraries of the University of Lille - Sciences and Technologies from 2005 to 2018. Following a merger of Lille's three universities he became, in March 2018, director of libraries at the newly enlarged University of Lille. In July 2018, he was elected as LIBER Vice-President. In July 2022, he was approved as LIBER President. Julien Roche also has several national responsibilities including co-chair of the "European and international" college of the French Open Science Committee since July 2018. He authored more than 30 scientific publications and has been an invited speaker in many conferences. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4000-2791

    Better connecting Europe through Open Science, vision and role of LIBER

    Can a Tweet be scholarship? What about an interactive website or one with real-time traffic data? And what about research from authors who have no interest in scholarly publishing channels? Digital can democratise research and how the results can be shared but this presents challenges for the scholarly record. In this presentation, you’ll see some examples and hear about some projects that are trying to meet the challenges.

  • Dr. Rafael Ball
    Director ETH Libraries and Collections, ETH Zurich, Switzerland

    Rafael Ball has been Director of ETH-Library Zuerich, Switzerland, since 2015. He holds doctorates in biology and science history. He studied biology, Slavonic studies and philosophy at the Universities of Mainz, Warsaw and Moscow. He complete a postgraduate qualification as a scientific librarian and was head of Central Library in the Research Center Jülich till 2008. Ball was Director of the University Library of Regensburg till 2015. He has written and edited numerous publications and is a dedicated speaker and a lecturer at various universities. His main research interests are the future of libraries, scholarly communication and digitization.

    Early Career Researcher and Scholarly Communication: Publication Pressure, Open Access and How can Libraries Support?

    The general conditions for young researchers have changed significantly in the past decades. On the one hand, there is enormous pressure to succeed and to publish a lot in highly cited journal ("publish or perish" mentality). It leads to enormous pressure to publish research results, even if it is not yet 100% ready for publication ("least publishable unit"). This in turn fuels the volume of publications and leads to mass publication and information overload. At the same time, the transformation of the publication system is in full swing, demanding that scientific contributions be published as open access. Young scientists then have to find the necessary funding for APCs, which further increases the pressure. The lecture attempts to classify library support for junior scientists in the complex field of the current publication system and shows the possibilities, but also the limits, of library action.

  • Gwen Evans
    Vice President Global Library Relations, Elsevier, Columbus (Ohio), USA

    Evans joined Elsevier as VP of Global Library Relations in 2020 after 7 years as Executive Director of the library consortium OhioLINK and has extensive experience with all types of academic libraries. She was Associate Professor of Library Information Technologies at Bowling Green State University until 2012. Recent publications include Ithaka S+R's issue brief co-authored with Roger Schonfeld, "It's Not What Libraries Hold; It's Who Libraries Serve: Seeking a User-Centered Future for Academic Libraries", "Creating Diversity in Libraries: Management Perspectives" in Library Leadership & Management with M. Hosoi and N.S. Kirkpatrick, and "Print as a Type of Privilege" for the Charleston blog.

    Ángel Borrego
    University of Barcelona

    Ángel Borrego is Head of the Department of Library Science and Audiovisual Communication at the University of Barcelona (Spain). He teaches several courses on scientific information and research methods. His research interests focus on scholarly communication and scientists’ information behaviour.

    Mutual creation of quality in the scholarly communication ecosystem

    All participants in the scholarly communication ecosystem are concerned with the creation, distribution and effective use of quality content. Researchers design and conduct experiments, write up results, supply raw data and increasingly circulate information in a variety of ways not limited to publishing the traditional article in a journal. Publishers and associated organizations manage the submission and evaluation of submitted research via peer review, editorial assistance, metadata provision and ensure distribution, accessibility and preservation of content at different scales. Libraries refine quality control and effective use of content for their stakeholders in many ways. These activities involve varieties of visible and invisible work in each sector to ensure a credible and reliable ecosystem. What are the intersections of work where partnerships are most critical, and what are some of the challenges in a rapidly changing scholarly communication system?

17:30 - 19:00
Co-sponsored by Wiley

Wednesday, May 3

 Odelya Conference Centre and Hotel

All times are in Central European Summer Time (CEST)


08:30 - 09:00
Welcome Coffee
Sponsored by Taylor & Francis
09:00 - 10:40
Session Two
Enabling Open Access in the Humanities
Discussions about the transformation of funding models tends to assume that the STM model, both the old one and the new one based on article publishing can be applied with some small adaptations to the very different culture of the humanities without attempts to understand the assunption of the scholars themselves, the fact that long form publishing, the monograph, is in most disciplines seen as the norm, and that there is a lot less money available. The speakers including librarians and publishers have been asked not to ignore the wider context of the delivery of scholarship, whether the demand for openness is as strong as it is in the sciences and if not why not, how the other outputs of scholars such as journal articles are regarded and how publications in general fit in with the different emphases of digital humanities.
  • Convener

    Anthony Watkinson
    Principal Consultant, CIBER Research, and Honorary Lecturer, University College London, UK

    Anthony Watkinson is the principal consultant of CIBER Research and is a lecturer (now honorary) at University College London. He mainly does research in information science for CIBER. He publishes extensively on topics related to scholarly communication including two reports on development in monographs. He is a director of the Charleston Conference and is co-organizer of the programme for the Fiesole Retreats His academic background is working for a doctorate ecclesiastical history (unfinished) at Cambridge before moving to Oxford to run the library of New College. Most of his life he has been a STM publisher with senior appointments at Academic Press, Oxford University Press and the Thomson Corporation and most recently a part time post at Wiley-Blackwell. He has been awarded the Vicky Speck Memorial Award for Leadership at the Charleston Conference and an award for his contribution to scholarly publishing from the Association of Learned and Professional Society Publishing.

  • Niels Stern
    Director of OAPEN, The Hague, The Netherlands; Co-Director of DOAB

    Niels Stern is director of OAPEN and co-director of DOAB. He has worked in scholarly communication for more than twenty years. Since 2014 he has also acted as an independent expert for the European Commission on open science and e-infrastructures.

    Research funders and the transition to open access books

    Research funder policies and strategies are potential game changers that can drive more open access to scholarly communication, including in the humanities and social sciences where peer-reviewed books are the cornerstone of communicating research results. However, as compared to journal articles not many funder policies exist for academic books. What are the barriers and challenges preventing more policies for books from emerging? And how could these challenges be overcome? These two questions are being examined by the ongoing Horizon Europe funded PALOMERA project comprising 16 partners with the support of Science Europe and EUA. Through broad stakeholder engagement the project will also take into consideration voices from other actors in academic book publishing (like publishers, researchers, infrastructure providers and libraries) as they will be affected by the policies and because they are essential enablers of their implementation.

  • Emily Poznanski
    Director Central European University Press, Budapest, Hungary

    Emily Poznanski is Director of Central European University (CEU) Press based out of Budapest and Vienna. She has worked in academic publishing for over 10 years with a focus on strategy and open access.

    What drives entrepreneurship in academic publishing?

    Access to current trends and markets, people and funding typically encourage entrepreneurship. How can we enable more entrepreneurship in publishing and how can librarians, funders and publishers be sure they are investing in the right strategies? This presentation looks at how new developments in the academic book market are growing with a focus on open access in an attempt to highlight the incentives at play. Taken in comparison to the growth of open access for journals, for example through the application of transformative deals, there may be some lessons to learn.

  • Charles Watkinson
    Associate University Librarian for Publishing University of Michigan and Director, University of Michigan Press, USA; President, Association of University Presses

    Charles Watkinson (he/him/his) is an Associate University Librarian at the University of Michigan and Director of the University of Michigan Press. He is the 2022-2023 President of the Association of University Presses, an international membership organization of ca. 160 institutional publishers that together provide core infrastructure for the humanities. He is a member of the ACLS Commission on Fostering and Sustaining Diverse Digital Scholarship and co-creator of the open-source Fulcrum publishing platform.

    Perverse Incentives in Expanding Open Access in the Humanities

    By applying techniques developed in STEM disciplines to enable open access in the humanities, funders and librarians risk undermining core aspects of humanistic scholarship and publishing. This presentation focuses on three problematic trends. They are (1) a fetishization of chapters that disrupts the coherence of long-form argument; (2) the devaluing of professional labor in pursuit of the bottom line; (3) a technocratic fascination with complex systems (like "transformative agreements") that rewards commercial scale and consolidation. While the presenter will demonstrate the challenges, the trends highlighted are not irreversible: Some funders listen to scholars as they develop policy, and a small group of institutions is taking a nuanced approach to investing that foregrounds equity and favors bibliodiversity.

  • Ros Pyne
    Global Director, Research and Open Access, Bloomsbury Academic, London, UK

    Ros Pyne is Global Director, Research and Open Access at Bloomsbury Academic. She has worked in open access policy and strategy roles since 2013 and has a particular interest in bringing OA to long-form scholarship and to the humanities. Ros sits on the advisory boards for the OAPEN OA Books Toolkit and the Mellon-funded Book Analytics Dashboard Project and is co-author of several reports on open access books.

    Moving beyond the BPC at larger arts and humanities presses

    Innovative approaches to funding open access for arts and humanities books have until recently mostly been the preserve of smaller presses. What are the implications of offering a subscribe-to-open-model at a larger publisher such as Bloomsbury, and what factors need to be taken into account as a result? What can we learn from existing trends in OA books funding, and where might this funding fit into a future where collective action or subscribe-to-open models are the norm?

  • Lisa Janicke Hinchliffe
    Professor, University Library, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, USA

    Lisa Janicke Hinchliffe is Professor as well as Coordinator for Research and Teaching Professional Development in the University Library at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. She is also an affiliate faculty member in the University's School of Information Sciences, European Union Center, and Center for Global Studies. She is a "Chef" for The Scholarly Kitchen and the current Chair of the ORCID Board. More info: lisahinchliffe.com and @lisalibrarian.

    In Defense of the Book Processing Charge

    The book processing charge is often commented upon as "so expensive" compared to the article processing charge. This presentation argues that comparing BPCs to APCs is problematic as it is based on a mistaken equivalency. Our understanding of the economics of scholarly publishing support would be better served by analyzing expenditure per scholar rather than expenditure per publication. This could also mitigate hegemony of STM open access financial models and further the development of funding models more suited to the humanities and other monograph-oriented fields of study.

  • Kate McCready
    Visiting Program Officer for Academy Owned Scholarly Publishing, Big Ten Academic Alliance; Librarian, University of Minnesota, USA

    Kate McCready (she/her/hers) is the Visiting Program Officer for Academy Owned Scholarly Publishing at the Big Ten Academic Alliance. In this role, Kate will be leading the development of a vision for a multifaceted, sustainable course of action to strengthen academy-owned publishing for the BTAA. This work is part of the development of the Library Initiatives' BIG Collection, which aims to manage the separate collections of the Big Ten university libraries as a single collection. Her home institution, where she served as the director of publishing services, is the University of Minnesota Libraries.

    BIG Collection Collective Action

    To increase access to materials, reduce storage costs, and leverage their collective buying power, libraries are working across institutions to develop and manage their independent collections collaboratively. This collective action affects all disciplines and includes such areas as collaborative collection development, strengthening publishing infrastructure, shared collection management, enhanced discovery and accessibility, and long-term commitments to preservation. Part of developing these shared collections is also harnessing our collective influence to foster the creation of open access content - both through licensing agreement negotiations and direct investments in content creation or open access publishing infrastructure. This presentation will examine whether or not these emerging practices advance the research needs and practices of Humanities' scholars, and how libraries can take action at-scale that fosters growth and trust in values-aligned Humanities' publishers.

10:40 - 11:00
Sponsored by IOP Publishing
11:00 - 12:00
Panel Discussion
12:00 - 13:00
Sponsored by AM
13:00 - 17:30
Session Three
The Relentless March of Technology
This session aims to help anticipate the dizzying technological changes that will affect libraries and publishers. The presentations speak of what developments will happen, how researchers will organize to take advantage of opportunities, and how we can sustain trust and confidence in the work and content of libraries in a time of rapid and extraordinarily powerful changes.
  • Convener

    Ann Okerson
    Director, Offline Internet Consortium, USA

    Most recently, Ann Okerson is serving as Director of the Offline Internet Consortium, an organization devoted to bringing network-quality information to the half of the human race that does not have broadband. Previously, she joined the Center for Research Libraries in fall 2011 as Senior Advisor on Electronic Strategies, She has worked as INASP Associate, responsible for agreements between developing nations consortia and publishers. Prior experience also includes 15 years as Associate University Librarian for Collections & International Programs at Yale University; upon joining Yale, she organized the Northeast Research libraries consortium (NERL). She also worked for 5 years as Senior Program Officer for Scholarly Communications at the Association of Research Libraries. She is one of the founding spirits of the International Coalition of Library Consortia (ICOLC). She has also been active in IFLA (including the Serials, Acquisitions, and News Media Committees) and its Governing Board. She responds positively to offers of fine dark chocolate!

  • Jason Griffey
    Director of Strategic Initiatives, NISO - National Information Standards Organization, USA

    Jason Griffey is the Director of Strategic Initiatives at NISO, where he works to identify new areas of the information ecosystem where standards expertise is useful and needed. Prior to joining NISO in 2019, Jason ran his own technology consulting company for libraries and was an academic librarian in roles ranging from reference and instruction to Head of IT at the University of TN at Chattanooga. Jason has written extensively on technology and libraries; his latest book, co-authored with Jeffery Pomerantz, will be published by MIT Press in 2024. He is one of eight winners of the Knight Foundation News Challenge for Libraries for the Measure the Future project, an open hardware project designed to provide actionable use metrics for library spaces. He is also the creator and director of The LibraryBox Project, an open source portable digital file distribution system.

    Relentless: The future of technology and what we can (and should) do about it

    The march of technology is relentless and changes can feel incredibly fast (and unexpected). But if we pay attention to the edges of technology, we can occasionally glimpse where things may be headed. What does that look like in 2023? What are the currently emerging technologies that may become central to library and publishing systems and operations later? How do we know when a technology is ready to be engaged with, as opposed to simply watching it evolve? For example, have you heard of the fediverse, AI, chatbots, metaverse, NFTs? This session will feature a survey of interesting new technologies and will attempt to make practical suggestions about how to approach them over the next 3-5 years.

  • Anita de Waard
    Vice President Data Collaborations, Research Collaborations Unit, Elsevier, The Netherlands

    Anita de Waard (she/her) is VP of Research Collaborations at Elsevier. Her work focuses on working with academic and industry partners on projects pertaining to progressing models and frameworks for scholarly communication. Since 1997, she has worked on bridging the gap between science publishing and computational and information technologies. Her efforts include working on a semantic model for research papers, co-founding the interdisciplinary member organization Force11, and supporting models for research data management in cross-stakeholder alliances such as the Research Data Alliance and the NIST Research Data Framework, and through a series of workshops on Scholarly Document Processing. Her current work focuses on developing collaborations to improve trust, reproducibility and research integrity in scholarly communications. Anita has a degree in low-temperature physics from Leiden and worked in Moscow before joining Elsevier as a physics publisher in 1988; she hails from the Netherlands, and lives in a forest in Vermont.

    But where are we marching to? Of trust and provenance: knowing where we've been, and deciding where we're going

    From fake news to papermills to plagiarizing chatbots, the knowledge objects that scholars, libraries and publishers, create, share and curate are subject to doubt. So how can we restore confidence in research? AI is here to stay, and will increasingly gain ground as a partner in the research process. But we need to make sure that what we create and curate together in this cyborgian knowledge environment serves humanity, and the future we hope to create. This talk will raise a few questions and share a few examples on how<.>we can use AI to combat the challenges of doubt and misinformation in research. I'll discuss how AI can be used to verify sources, detect plagiarism and generate trustworthy research outputs. Additionally, we will explore the potential of AI to assist with data analysis, identify patterns and generate new insights. However, as we embrace AI in research, we must also be mindful of the ethical implications and potential biases that could arise. Ultimately, we need to work collaboratively to ensure that AI is used in a way that aligns with our values and contributes to a sustainable and equitable future for all.

  • Anja Smit
    Director of DANS (Dutch national centre of expertise and repository for research data), The Netherlands

    Since 2022, Anja Smit has been the Director of DANS, the Dutch national centre of expertise and repository for research data. Before her appointment at DANS, she was University Librarian at Utrecht University, which she joined in 2010, after an international career of over 20 years in library management and library automation, including being library director at two Dutch Universities (Nijmegen and Maastricht) and three years in the United States. Active in the library world since 1988, she has served on various national and international committees. Anja Smit currently serves as LIBER's Secretary-General.

    Beyond the automobile as a modified stagecoach - New frontiers for research output services

    As research processes and output are becoming digital, much is invested in the development of FAIR research data. Many of the currently expressed needs around data resemble those around publications. But however much needed, doesn't feel a catalogue for research data a bit like the automobile as a modified stagecoach? New technology like synthetic data and graph databases will no doubt innovate services for (re)use of research output, but what else is needed? And will there be an impact on the services for publications? Examples of innovations within the domain of the social sciences & humanities will be discussed.

14:35 - 15:00 - Break
Sponsored by Access Innovations
  • James Shulman
    Vice President of the ACLS (American Council of Learned Societies), USA

    James Shulman serves as vice president and chief operating officer of the American Council of Learned Societies. He has published on renaissance epic poetry, college admissions, institutional change, and high impact philanthropy; his most recent book, The Synthetic University; How Higher Education Can Benefit from Shared Solutions and Save Itself will be published by Princeton University Press in fall 2023. Prior to joining ACLS, James was a Senior Fellow at the Mellon Foundation. From its founding in 2001 to 2016 he was president of Artstor. Working with his colleagues, he developed and implemented plans for creating an organization that now serves over 2,000 colleges, universities, schools, and museums around the world. James received his BA and PhD from Yale in Renaissance Studies. He serves on the boards of The Spence School, the Renaissance Society of America, and the Yale Graduate School Alumni Association.

    Entrepreneurial humanists and the state of socio-technical infrastructure

    Many of the institutional structures within which humanists work were largely set in place by 1915, including departments, disciplines, libraries, and university presses. Some of these structures (libraries particularly) have evolved more than others in a digital age. James Shulman will review various ACLS efforts to work with various constituencies throughout the humanities to foster institutional change in the humanities: the support and reward structures for faculty who build digital resources or disseminate the scholarship in digital media - particularly those focused on field-building projects in racial and social justice; various efforts to facilitate wider - and sometimes, open - circulation of humanistic books, while recognizing how funding in the humanities differs from other divisions. Ignoring the need for adaptation in the humanities will not serve these fields well; as Yogi Berra once said, "The future ain't what it used to be".

  • Caroline Sutton
    CEO, STM

    Dr. Caroline Sutton is STM's CEO. Prior to joining STM Caroline previously served as Director of Open Research for Taylor & Francis. She co-founded Co-Action Publishing, was one of the founders and first President of OASPA, and served on the board between 2008-2021. She is also serving on the Board of Directors of Dryad, and Director with Infrastructure Services for Open Access (IS4OA), the managing organization of the Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ). Earlier appointments included the OpenAIRE Advisory Board in 2013 and several other past board positions including at SPARC Europe (2010-2013) and the Lund University Library Board (2008-2010).

    STM Trends: The 2027 Edition

    Less than a week after its official launch, we would like to take a deep dive with Fiesole participants into the new edition of STM Trends 2027. This annual forecasting exercise by members of the STM Association identifies the most impactful developments for scholarly communications in the next three to five years, often from a strong innovation and technology angle. Previous years have covered big themes such as "Trust and Truth", "Open at Scale", "Creative Humans and Smart Machines" and "Focus on the User" and have featured thought-provoking -- and sometimes surprisingly accurate -- predictions on what the future could bring. This year is no exception! Without disclosing the title and main themes just yet, this year's edition examines some of the very foundations of our roles as creators and custodians of the trusted scholarly record -- and doing that in a fun and even playful manner. Can we all be winners? It is time to level up!

16:00 - 17:00
Panel Discussion
18:45 - 22:00
Dinner sponsored by EBSCO
Folklore event sponsored by MDPI

Thursday, May 4

 Odelya Conference Centre and Hotel

All times are in Central European Summer Time (CEST)


08:30 - 09:00
Welcome Coffee
Sponsored by Taylor & Francis
09:00 - 10:30
Session Four
Perspective and practises of the APC model
After many years of «big deals» between libraries and most of the publishers, APCs are now a key discussion point for the wide dissemination of scientific publications. New business models are emerging, which are crucially linked to APCs like freemium, publish and read etc. leading in some countries to so-called transformative agreements. The presentations will propose different perspectives: The five-years policy for monitoring APCs at INRIA, a prospective vision for APCs of a major commercial publisher, the opportunities and risks of transformative agreements, a study led at a national level presenting the evolution of journal subscriptions and APCs over more than a decade in France. Finally the conclusions and results of these presentations will be discussed by the speakers and the audience.
  • Convener

    Julien Roche
    University Librarian and Director of the Libraries, University Lille, France; LIBER President

    Julien Roche served as Director of the libraries of the University of Lille - Sciences and Technologies from 2005 to 2018. Following a merger of Lille's three universities he became, in March 2018, director of libraries at the newly enlarged University of Lille. In July 2018, he was elected as LIBER Vice-President. In July 2022, he was approved as LIBER President. Julien Roche also has several national responsibilities including co-chair of the "European and international" college of the French Open Science Committee since July 2018. He authored more than 30 scientific publications and has been an invited speaker in many conferences. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4000-2791

  • Laurent Romary
    Researcher and Head of Culture and Scientific Information, INRIA, Frances

    Laurent Romary holds the position of Director for Scientific Information and Culture at Inria (France). He has conducted research in the areas of natural language processing and semi-structured document modeling, with a particular focus on texts and linguistic resources. He has also played an active role in standardization efforts within ISO committee TC 37 and the Text Encoding Initiative. For many years, he has been involved in various initiatives related to the promotion of open science.

    Monitoring an APC policy, lessons learned and perspective after 5 years

    As part of its open science policy, articulated around a deposit mandate on the French publication repository HAL, Inria decided several years ago to provide internal supervision and support for article processing charges (APC). These charges, which for publishers provide a way of covering publication costs are now part of an ethical debate surrounding open access. We introduced a policy for covering APCs based upon a central budget and forbidding the payment of APCs for hybrid venues. Each request for funding for a publication through APCs is analysed, focusing on raising awareness, providing support and making recommendations, targeting so-called 'ethical' journals. We will present the results of this policy over a period of several years and elicit some of the further directions we want to follow in the future.

  • Maurits van den Graaf
    Consultant, Pleiade, the Netherlands

    Maurits founded Pleiade Management and Consultancy in 2000 and specialised in scholarly communication. He has carried out numerous projects and studies for university libraries, science publishers and international organisations. Recent projects on Open Access are the evolution of APC costs for French institutes, the feasibility of 100% open access in the Netherlands for journal articles, books or alternative OA platforms, and the authors' perspective on APC's. Current projects include a study for LIBER and ADBU on Open Access services by research libraries, a project for LERU on public infrastructures and a project for TU Delft Open Publishing.

    A retrospective and prospective study of the evolution of APC costs for French institutions. 2013-2030

    The study was commanded by the French Ministry of Higher Education and carried out by Datactivist and Pleiade. A dataset was developed using data from a variety of other databases of all articles by French authors in the period 2013-2020. This dataset formed the basis for a retrospective and prospective analysis of the total costs of APCs paid by French public institutions. In addition, we did an analysis of the subscription cost for journals by French public institutions. The retrospective analyses showed a rapid growth of APC-paid Open Access articles by French corresponding authors over the years as well as more gradual price increase. If these trends would continue unchanged, the total expenditures for APCs would rise to around €50 million in 2030. These and other results will be discussed with the eye on the future of the APC-model in a transition to Open Access.

10:30 - 11:00
Sponsored by De Gruyter
11:00 - 12:00
Panel Discussion
Sponsored by De Gruyter
  • Cécile Swiatek
    University Librarian and Library Director, University of Nanterre, France
    Cécile Swiatek Cassafieres is the Library Director at the Université Paris Nanterre, France. She is interested in accessible knowledge, information skills, and digital innovation. Board Member at LIBER and SPARCEurope, former Secretary of ADBU.fr, she takes a critical look at Open Education through her work at SPARCEurope, OEGlobal, UNESCO. From 2020 to 2022, she participated in EDUCAUSE. Since 2021, she is a national expert on OERs in the French OS Network and with the French National OS Fund (Calls for projects and SCOSS). Expert on the UNESCO Recommendations on OER (2019) and Open Science (2021), she now is an independent expert with the UNESCO's global partnership on Open Science.
  • Colleen Campbell
    Max Planck Digital Library (MPDL), Germany
    Colleen Campbell is strategic advisor for external engagement at the Max Planck Digital Library (MPDL) of the Max Planck Society. There she coordinates two open access initiatives: the Open Access 2020 Initiative, a global alliance of research organizations and their libraries that are repurposing their investments in subscriptions to support open access publishing, and the ESAC Initiative, a library community of practice building capacities and good practice around transformative and open access publishing agreements. She is a member of the LIBER Open Access Working Group, serves on the Managing Board of EIFL, a not-for-profit organization that works with libraries to enable access to knowledge in developing and transition economy countries, and contributes in the advisory groups of a number of other scholarly communication initiatives.
12:00 - 12:30
Closing Remarks
  • Pep Torn
    Library Director, European University Institute Library, Fiesole, Italy

    Josep "Pep" Torn is the Director of the Library of the European University Institute (EUI) of Florence. He began as a librarian at the Technical University of Catalonia in 2000 where he held different responsibilities until 2008. He was appointed director of the Library (as well as of Learning Resources and Academic Services) at the Universitat Oberta de Catalunya between 2008 and 2015. In 2015, he accepted the task of directing the library of the European University Institute in Florence, home to the Robert Schuman Center for Advanced Studies, the Max Weber Program for Postdoctoral Studies and the School of Transnational Governance. Pep is a member of the Leadership Task Force of the Association of European Research Libraries (LIBER) and its Conference Program Committee. He is a member of the European Community and Associated Institutions Library Co-operation Group (EUROLIB) and participates in the scientific committee of the international conferences on scientific information Fiesole Retreat and on the advisory board of Bristol University Press. Pep is also a member of the International Council of Barcelona Global.

12:30 - 13:30
Light Lunch
Sponsored by Frontiers
14:00 - 17:00
Optional Excursions
Paid Separately



  • Andreas Degkwitz - Director (off duty) of the Library of Humboldt University, Germany
  • Alice Keller - Director of University Library Basel, Switzerland
  • Ann Okerson - Consultant, Center for Research Libraries, USA
  • Julien Roche - University Librarian and Director of the Libraries, University Lille, France; LIBER President
  • Pep Torn - Library Director, European University Institute Library, Fiesole, Italy
  • Giannis Tsakonas - Acting Director, Library & Information Centre, University of Patras, Greece
  • Anthony Watkinson - Principal Consultant at CIBER, UK


  • Barbara and Michele Casalini - Casalini Libri, Italy
  • Rebecca Lenzini - Charleston Hub, USA
  • Katina Strauch - Charleston Hub, USA


  • Antonio Cordola - Casalini Libri, Italy
  • Leah Hinds - Charleston Hub, USA
  • Christoph Wehrmüller - Basel University, Switzerland


Listed in order of programme schedule